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篇一:2016河南高考英语试卷及参考答案》

绝密★启封前

2016普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(新课标I)

英 语 试卷类型A

第一部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)

第一节(共15小题:每小题2分,满分30分)

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 A

You probably know who Marie Curie was,but you may not have heard of Rachel Carson.Of the outstanding ladies listed below,who do you think was the most important woman of the past 100 years?

Jane Addams(1860-1935)

Anyone who has ever been helped by a social worker has Jane Addams to thank.Addans helped the poor and worked for peace. She encouraged a sense of community(社区)by creating shelters and promoting education and services for people in need In 1931,Addams became the first American woman to win the Nobel Peace Prize.

Rachel Carson(1907-1964)

If it weren‘t for Rachel Carson, the environmental movement might not exist today.Her popular 1962 book Silent Spring raised awareness of the dangers of pollution and the harmful effects of chemicals on humans and on the world‘s lakes and oceans.

Sandra Day O‘Connor(1930-present)

When Sandra Day O‘Connor finished third in her class at Stanford Law School, in 1952,she could not find work at a law firm because she was a woman. She became an Arizona state senator(参议员) and ,in 1981, the first woman to join the U.S. Supreme Court. O‘Connor gave the deciding vote in many important cases during her 24 years on the top court.

Rosa Parks(1913-2005)

On December 1,1955,in Montgomery,Alabama,Rasa Parks would not give up her seat on a bus to a passenger. Her simple act landed Parks in prison.But it also set lff the Montgmery bus boycott. It lasted for more than a year, and kicked off the civil-rights movement. ―The only tired I was, was tired lr giving in,‖said Parks.

21.What is jane Addams noted for in history?

A. Her social work.

B. Her lack of proper training in law.

C. Her efforts to win a prize.

D. Her community background.

22. What is the reason for O‘Connor‘s being rejected by the law firm?

A. Her lack of proper training in law.

B. Her little work experience in court.

C. The discrimination against women.

D. The poor financial conditions.

23. Who made a great contribution to the civil-rights movement in the US?

A. Jane Addams.B. Rachel Carson. C. Sandra Day O‘Connor.

24. What can we infer about the women mentioned in the text?

A. They are highly educated. B. They are truly creative.

C. They are pioneers. D. They are peace-lovers.

B

Grandparents Answer a Call

As a third generation native of Brownsville, Texas, Mildred Garza never pleased move away,. Even when her daughter and son asked her to move to San Antonio to help their children, she politely refused . Only after a year of friendly discussion did Ms Gaf finally say yes. That was four years ago. Today all three generations regard the move to a success,giving them a closer relationship than they would have had in separate cities.

No statistics show the number of grandparents like Garza who are moving closer to the children and grandchildren. Yet there is evidence suggesting that the trend is growing. Even President Obama‘s mother-in-law, Marian Robinson, has agreed to leave Chicago and into the White House to help care for her granddaughters. According to a study grandparents com. 83 percent of the people said Mrs. Robinson ?s decision will influence the grandparents in the American family. Two-thirds believe more families will follow the example of Obama‘s family.

―in the 1960s we were all a little wild and couldn‘t get away from home far enough fsst enough to prove we could do it on our own,‖says Christine Crosby, publisher of grate manazine for grandparents .We now realize how important family is and how important‖‖ to be near them, especially when you‘re raining children.‖

Moving is not for everyone. Almost every grandparent wants to be with his or her grandchildren and is willing to make sacrifices, but sometimes it is wiser to say no and visit frequently instead. Having your grandchildren far away is hard, especially knowing your adult child is struggling, but giving up the life you know may be harder.

25. Why was Garza‘s move a success?

A.It strengthened her family ties.

B.It improved her living conditions.

C.It enabled her make more friends.

D.It helped her know more new places.

26.What was the reaction of the public to Mrs. Robinson‘s decision?

A.17% expressed their support for it.

B.Few people responded sympathetically.

C.83% believed it had a bad influence.

D.The majority thought it was a trend.

27. What did Crosby say about people in the 1960s?

A.They were unsure of raise more children.

B.They were eager to raise more children.

C.They wanted to live away from their parents.

D.They bad little respect for their grandparent.

28. What does the author suggest the grandparents do in the lasr paragraph?

A. Make decisions in the best interests' of their own

B. Ask their children to pay more visits to them

C. Sacrifice for their struggling children

D. Get to know themselves better

C

I am peter Hodes ,a volunteer stem courier. Since March 2012, I've done 89 trips of those , 51 have been

abroad, I have 42 hours to carry stem cells(干细胞)in my little box because I've got two ice packs and that's how long they last, in all, from the time the stem cells are harvested from a donor(捐献者) to the time they can be implanted in the patient, we‘ve got 72 hours at most, So I am always conscious of time. 学科&网

I had one trip last year where I was caught by a hurricane in America. I picked up the stem cells in Providence, Rhode Island, and was meant to fly to Washington then back to London. But when I arrived at the check-in desk at Providence, the lady on the desk said:‖Well, I‘m really sorry, I‘ve got some bad news for you-there are no fights from Washington.‖So I took my box and put it on the desk and I said:‖In this box are some stem cells that are urgently needed for a patient-please, please, you‘ve got to get me back to the United Kingdom.‖She just dropped everything. She arranged for a flight on a small plance to be held for me.re-routed(改道)me through New(本文来自:WwW.dXf5.coM 东星 资源网:河南高考答案)ark and got me back to the UK even earlier than originally scheduled.

For this courier job, you‘re consciously aware than that box you‘re got something that is potentially going to save

somebody‘s life.

29.Which of the following can replace the underlined word ―courier‖ in Paragraph17

A providerB delivery man

C collector D medical doctor

30.Why does Peter have to complete his trip within 42hours?

A. He cannot stay away from his job too long.

B. The donor can only wait for that long.

C. The operation needs that very much.

D. The ice won't last any longer.

31.Which flight did the woman put Peter on first?

A. To London B. To Newark

C. To Providence D. To Washington

D

The meaning of silence varies among cultural groups. Silences may be thoughtful, or they may be empty when a person has nothing to say. A silence in a conversation may also show stubbornness, or worry. Silence may be viewed by some cultural groups as extremely uncomfortable; therefore attempts may be made to fill every gap(间隙)with conversation. Persons in other cultural groups value silence and view it as necessary for understanding a person's needs. 学科&网

Many Native Americans value silence and feel it is a basic part of communicating among people, just as some traditional Chinese and Thai persons do. Therefore, when a person from one of these cultures is speaking and suddenly stops, what maybe implied(暗示) is that the person wants the listener to consider what has been said before continuing. In these cultures, silence is a call for reflection.

Other cultures may use silence in other ways, particularly when dealing with conflicts among people or in relationships of people with different amounts of power. For example, Russian, French, and Spanish persons may use silence to show agreement between parties about the topic udner discussion. However, Mexicans may use silence when instructions are given by a person in authority rather than be rude to that person by arguing with him or her. In still another use, persons in Asian cultures may view silence as a sign of respect, particularly to an elder or a person in authority.

Nurses and other care-geivers need to be aware of the possible meanings of silence when they come across the personal anxiety their patients may be expericencing. Nurses should recognize their own personal and cultural construction of silence so that a patient‘s silence is not interrupted too early or allowed to go on unnecessarily. A nurse who understands the healing(治愈) value of silence can use this understanding to assist in the care of patients from their own and from other cultures.

32. What does the author say about silence in conversations?

A. It implies anger.

B. It promotes friendship.

C. It is culture-specific.

D. It is content-based.

33. Which of the following people might regard silence as a call for careful thought?

A. The Chinese.

B. The French.

C. The Mexicans.

D. The Russians.

34. What does the author advise nurses to do about silence?

A. Let it continue as the patient pleases.

B. Break it while treating patients.

C. Evaluate its harm to patients.

D. Make use of its healing effects.

35. What may be the best title for the text?

A. Sound and Silence

B. What It Means to Be Silent

C. Silence to Native Americans

D. Speech Is Silver; Silence Is Gold

第二节 (共 5 小题,每小题 2 分,满分 10 分)

根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项,选项中有两项为多余选项。 Secret codes (密码)keep messages private。Banks, companies, and government agencies use secret codes in doing business, especially when information is sent by computer.

People have used secret codes for thousands of years. Code breaking never lags(落后) far behind code making. The science of creating and reading coded messages is called cryptography.

―My elephant eats too many eels‖ Spell out the hidden message ―Meet me.‖

‘s number the letters of the alphabet, in order, from 1 to 26. If we substitute a number for each letter, the message ―Meet me‖ would read ―13 5 20 13 5.‖

A code uses symbols to replace words, phrases, or sentences. To read the message of a real code, you must have a code book. example, ‖bridge― might stand for ―meet‖ and ―out‖ might stand for ―me.‖ The message ―bridge out‖ would actually mean ―Meet me.‖codes must be changed frequently.

A. It is very hard to break a code without the code book.

B. In any language, some letters are used more than others.

C. Only people who know the keyword can read the message.

D. As long as there have been codes, people have tried to break them.

E. You can hide a message by having the first letters of each word spell it out.

F. With a code book, you might write down words that would stand for other words.

G. Another way to hide a message is to use symbols to stand for specific letters of the alphabet.

第三部分 英语知识运用 (共两节,满分 45)

第一节 完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分)

阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

A Heroic Driver

Larry works with Transport Drivers. Inc. One morning in 2009. Larry was __41__

along 165 north after delivering to one of his . suddenly, he saw a car with its bright lights on. vehicle upside down on the road. One more look and he noticed shooting out from under the vehicle. Larry pulled over, set the brake and 灭火器). Two good bursts from the extinguisher and the fire was put out.

The man who had his bright lights on and told Larry he had an emergency call. They heard a woman‘s voice coming from the wrecked (毁坏的) vehicle. woman was trying to get out of the broken window. They told her to stay until the emergency personnel arrived, she thought the car was going to and she should not move she injured her neck.

Once fire and emergency people arrive, Larry and the other man and let them go to work. Then, Larry asked the if he was needed or to go. They let him and the other man go.

One thing is Larry went above and beyond the call of duty by getting so close to the burning vehicle! His most likely saved the woman‘s life.

41. A. walking B. touring C.traveling D.rushing

42. A. passengers B. colleagues C. employers D. customers

43. A. SinceB. Although C. As D. If

44. A. each B. another C. that D. his

45. A. flames B. smoke C. water D. steam

46. A. used B. disabled C. removed D. abandoned

47. A. got hold of B. prepared C. took charge of D. controlled

48. A. came down B. came throughC. came in D. came over

49. A. returned B. received C. made D. confirmed

50. A. thenB. again C. finally D. even

51. A. Starting B. Parking C. Passing D. Approaching

52. A. quiet B. still C. away D. calm

53. A. for B. so C. and D. but

54. A. explode B. slip away C. fall apart D. crash

55. A. as ifB. unless C. in case D. after

56. A. stepped forward B. backed off C. moved on D. set out

57. A. womanB. police C. man D. driver

58. A. forbidden B. ready C. asked D. free

59. A.for certainB. for considerationC. reported D.checked

60. A.patienceB. skills C. efforts D.promise

第 II 卷

第三部分 英语知识运用

第二节(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)

阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。

Chengdu has dozens of new millionaires, Asia‘s biggest building, and fancy new hotels. But for tourists like me, pandas are its top____61_(attract).

So it was a great honour to be invited backstage at the not-for-profit Panda Base, where ticket money helps pay for research, I_____62_(arrow)to get up close to these cute animals at the 600-acre centre. From tomorrow, I will be their UK ambassador. The title will be __63___(official) given to me at a ceremony in London.But my connection with pandas goes back ____64__ my days on a TV show in the mid-1980s, ____65_ I was the first Western TV reporter__66___ (permit) to film a special unit caring for pandas rescued from starvation in the wild. My ambassadorial duties will include ____67_(introduce) British visitors to the 120-plus pandas at Chengdu and others at a research in the misty mountains of Bifengxia. 学科&网

On mu recent visit, I help a lively three-month-old twin that had been rejected by _____68_ (it) mother. The nursery team switches him every few __69__( day) with his sister so that while one is being bottle-fed, __70____ other is with mum-she never suspects.

第四部分 写作 (共两节 满分 35)

第一节 短文改错(10 分)

假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。

文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(?),并在其下面写出该加的词。

删除:把多余的词用斜线()划掉。学科&网

修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

2.只允许修改10处,多着(从第11处起)不计分。

My uncle is the owner of a restaurant close to that 1 love .Though not very big ,but the

Restaurant is popular in our area .It is always crowded with customers at meal times .Some

People even had to wait outside My uncle tells me that the key to his

Success is honest. Every day he makes sure that fresh vegetables or high quallty oil are using for cooking. My uncle says that he never dreams becoming rich in the short period of time. Instead,he hopes that our business will grow steady.

第二节 书面表达(满分25分)

假定你是李华,暑假想去一家外贸公司兼职,已写好申请书和个人简历(resume)。给外教Mr Jenkins 写信,请她帮你修改所附材料的文字和格式(format)学科&网

注意:

1. 词数100左右;

2. 可以适当增加细节,已使行文连贯。

篇二:2015年河南高考理科数学试题

2015年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试

理科数学

注意事项: 1.本试卷分第Ⅰ卷(选择题)和第Ⅱ卷(非选择题)两部分.第Ⅰ卷1至3页,第Ⅱ卷3至5页. 2.答题前,考生务必将自己的姓名、准考证号填写在本试题相应的位置. 3.全部答案在答题卡上完成,答在本试题上无效.4. 考试结束后,将本试题和答题卡一并交回.

第Ⅰ卷

一. 选择题:本大题共12小题,每小题5分,在每小题给出的四个选项中,只有一项是符合题目要求的.

1+z

(1) 设复数z满足=i,则|z|=

1?z

(A)1 (B

(C

(D)2 (2)sin20°cos10°-con160°sin10°=(A

)?

11 (B

)(C)?(D)

2222

(3)设命题P:?n?N,n2>2n,则?P为

(A)?n?N, n2>2n (B)? n?N, n2≤2n (C)?n?N, n2≤2n (D)? n?N, n2=2n

(4)投篮测试中,每人投3次,至少投中2次才能通过测试.已知某同学每次投篮投中的概率为0.6,且各次投篮是否投中相互独立,则该同学通过测试的概率为 (A)0.648 (B)0.432 (C)0.36 (D)0.312

x2

(5)已知M(x0,y0)是双曲线C?y2?1 上的一点,F1、F2是C上的两个焦点,若MF1?MF2

2

<0,则y0的取值范围是

(A)(

) 3

3

(B)(

) 6

6

(C

)(?

,) (D

)(?

,) 3333

(6)《九章算术》是我国古代内容极为丰富的数学名著,书中有如下问题:“今有委米依垣内角,

下周八尺,高五尺.问:积及为米几何?”其意思为:“在屋内墙角处堆放米(如图,米堆为一个圆锥的四分之一),米堆底部的弧度为8尺,米堆的高为5尺,问米堆的体积和堆放的米各为多少?”已知1斛米的体积约为1.62立方尺,圆周率约为3,估算出堆放斛的米约有

(A)14斛 (B)22斛 (C)36斛 (D)66斛

(7)设D为ABC所在平面内一点BC?3CD,则

1414AB?AC (B) AD?AB?AC 33334141

(C) AD?AB?AC (D) AD?AB?AC

3333

(A) AD??

(8)函数f(x)=(A)(

),k

的部分图像如图所示,则f(x)的单调递减区间为 (b)(

),k

(C)(),k(D)(),k

(9)执行右面的程序框图,如果输入的t=0.01,则输出的n=

(A)5 (B)6 (C)7 (D)8

(10)(x2?x?y)5的展开式中,x5y2的系数为

(A)10 (B)20 (C)30 (D)60

(11)圆柱被一个平面截去一部分后与半球(半径为r)组成一个几何体, (12)该几何体三视图中的正视图和俯视图如图所示.若该几何体的 (13)表面积为16 + 20?,则r= (A)1 (B)2 (C)4 (D)8

正视图 俯视图

12.设函数f(x)=ex(2x-1)-ax+a,其中a1,若存在唯一的 整数x0,使得f(x0)0,则a的取值范围是( ) A.[?

333333

,1)B. [?,)C. [,)D. [,1)

2e42e42e2e

第II卷

本卷包括必考题和选考题两部分.第(13)题~第(21)题为必考题,每个试题考生都必须作答.

第(22)题~第(24)题未选考题,考生根据要求作答. 二、填空题:本大题共3小题,每小题5分

(13)若函数f(x)=xln(x

为偶函数,则a=(14)一个圆经过椭圆

的三个顶点,且圆心在x轴上,则该圆的标准方程为 .

?x?1?0

y?

(15)若x,y满足约束条件?x?y?0,则的最大值为.

x?x?y?4?0

?

(16)在平面四边形ABCD中,∠A=∠B=∠C=75°,BC=2,则AB的取值范围是 . 三.解答题:解答应写出文字说明,证明过程或演算步骤. (17)(本小题满分12分)

Sn为数列{an}的前n项和.已知an>0,(Ⅰ)求{an}的通项公式: (Ⅱ)设

,求数列

}的前n项和

(18)如图,四边形ABCD为菱形,∠ABC=120°,

E,F是平面ABCD同一侧的两点,BE⊥平面ABCDA DF⊥平面ABCD,BE=2DF,AE⊥EC. (1)证明:平面AEC⊥平面AFC C B (2)求直线AE与直线CF所成角的余弦值

(19)某公司为确定下一年度投入某种产品的宣传费,需了解年宣传费x(单位:千元)对年销售量y(单位:t)和年利润z(单位:千元)的影响,对近8年的年宣传费xi和年销售量yi(i=1,2,···,8)数据作了初步处理,得到下面的散点图及一些统计量的值.

年销售量/t

年宣传费(千元)

1

表中w1 , ,w =

8

?w1

x?1

1

(Ⅰ)根据散点图判断,y=a+bx与y=c+y关于年宣传费x的回归方

程类型?(给出判断即可,不必说明理由)

(Ⅱ)根据(Ⅰ)的判断结果及表中数据,建立y关于x的回归方程;

(Ⅲ)以知这种产品的年利率z与x、y的关系为z=0.2y-x.根据(Ⅱ)的结果回答下列问题:

(i) 年宣传费x=49时,年销售量及年利润的预报值是多少? (ii) 年宣传费x为何值时,年利率的预报值最大?

附:对于一组数据(u1 v1),(u2 v2)??.. (unvn),其回归线v=???u的斜率和截距的最小二乘估计分别为:

??

?(u?u)(v?v)

i

i

i?1

n

?(u?u)

i

i?1

n

,??v??u

2

(20)(本小题满分12分)

x2

在直角坐标系xoy中,曲线C:y=与直线y=kx+a(a>0)交于M,N两点,

4

(Ⅰ)当k=0时,分别求C在点M和N处的切线方程;

(Ⅱ)y轴上是否存在点P,使得当k变动时,总有∠OPM=∠OPN?说明理由.

(21)(本小题满分12分)

1

已知函数f(x)=x3?ax?,g(x)??lnx

4(Ⅰ)当a为何值时,x轴为曲线y?f(x) 的切线;

(Ⅱ)用min ?m,n? 表示m,n中的最小值,设函数h(x)?min?f(x),g(x)

讨论h(x)?(x?0) ,

零点的个数

请考生在(22)、(23)、(24)三题中任选一题作答.注意:只能做所选定的题目.如果多做,则按所做第一个题目计分,做答时,请用2B铅笔在答题卡上将所选题号后的方框涂黑. (22)(本题满分10分)选修4-1:几何证明选讲

如图,AB是☉O的直径,AC是☉O的切线,BC交☉O于点E

(I) 若D为AC的中点,证明:DE是☉O的切线; (II) 若OA,求∠ACB的大小.

(23)(本小题满分10分)选修4-4:坐标系与参数方程

在直角坐标系xOy中.直线C1:x=-2,圆C2:(x-1)2+(y-2)2=1,以坐标原点为极点, x轴的正半轴为极轴建立极坐标系. (I) 求C1,C2的极坐标方程; (II) 若直线C3的极坐标方程为??

?

4

???R?,设C2与C3的交点为M

,N ,求△C2MN

篇三:2014年河南高考英语试题及答案

2014年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试

英语试题

注意事项:

1本试卷分第I卷(选择题)和第II卷(非选择题)两部分。

2答题前,考生务必将自己的姓名、准考证号填写在本试卷相应的位置。

3.全部答案在答题卡上完成,答在本试卷上无效。

4.第I卷听力部分满分30分,不计入总分,考试成绩录取时提供给高校作参考。

5 考试结束后,将本试卷和答题卡一并交回。

第I卷zxxk

第一部分 听力(共两节,满分30分)

做题时,先将答案标在试卷上。录音内容结束后,你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案转涂到答题卡上。

第一节(共5小题;每小题1.5分,满分7.5分)

听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10称钟的时间来回答有关小题如阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。

例:How much is the shirt?

A. £19.15. B. £9.18. C. £9.15.

答案是 C。

1. What does the woman want to do?

A. Find a place. B. Buy a map. C. Get an address.

2. What will the man do for the woman?

A. Repair her car.

B. Give her a ride.. zxxk

C. Pick up her aunt.

3. Who might Mr. Peterson be?

A. A new professor.

B. A department head.

C. A company director.

4. What does the man think of the book?

A. Quite difficult..

B. Very interesting.

C. Too simple.

5. What are the speakers talking about?

A. Weather.

B. Clothes.

C. News.

第二节(共15小题;每小题1.5分,满分22.5分)

听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项

中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每

小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。

听第6段材料,回答第6至7题。

6. Why is Harry unwilling to join the woman?

A. He has a pain in his knee..B. He wants to watch TV. C. He is too lazy.

7. What will the woman probably do next?

A. Stay at home. B. Take Harry to hospital. C. Do some exercise.

听第7段材料,回答第8 、9题。

8. When will the man be home from work?

A. At 5:45. B. At 6:15. C. At 6:50.

9. Where will the speakers go ?'

A. The Green House Cinema. B. The New State Cinema . C. The UME Cinema.

听第 8段材料,回答第 10至 12题。

10. How will the speaker go to New York?

A. By air. B. By taxi. C. By bus.

11. Why are the speakers making the trip?

A. For business.

B. For shopping.

C. For holiday.

12. What is the probable relationship between the speakers?

A. Driver and passenger

B. Husband and wife.

C. Fellow workers.

听第 9段材料,回答第 13至 16题。

13. Where does this conversation probably take place?

A. In a restaurant. B. In an office. C. In a classroom.

14. What does John do now?

A. He’s a trainer. B. He’s a tour guide. C. He’s a college student.

15. How much can a new person earn for the first year?

A. $10,500.B. $ 12,000. C. $ 15,000.

16. How many people will the woman hire?

A. Four. B. Three. C. Two.

听第10段材料,回答第17至20题。

17. How long has the speaker lived in a big city?

A. One year.

B. Ten years.

C. Eighteen years.

18. What is the speaker’s opinion on public transport?

A. It’s comfortable.B. It’s time-saving. C. It’s cheap.

19. What is good about living in a small town?

A. It’s safer. B. It’s healthier. C. It’s more convenient.

20. What kind of life does the speaker seem to like most?

A. Busy. B. Colourful C. Quiet.

第二部分阅读理解 (共两节,满分60分)

第一节 (共15小题;每小题3分,满分45分)

阅读下列短文 ,从每题所给的四个选项 (A 、B 、C 和 D )中 ,选出最佳选项 ,并在

题卡上将该项涂黑。

A

The Cambridge Science Festival Curiosity Challenge

Dare to Take the Curiosity Challenge!

The Cambridge Science Festival (CSF) is pleased to inform you of the sixth annual Curiosity

Challenge. The challenge invites , even dares school students between the ages of 5 and 14 to create

artwork or a piece of writing that shows their curiosity how it inspires them to explore their world.

Students are being dared to draw a picture, write an article, take a photo or write a poem that shows what they are curious about. To enter the challenge, all artwork or pieces of writing should be sent to the

Cambridge Science Festival, MIT Museum, 265 Mass Avenue,

Students who enter the Curiosity Challenge and are selected as winners will be honor at a special

ceremony during the CSF on Sunday, April 21st. Guest speakers will also present prizes to the students.

Winning entries will be published in a book. Student entries will exhibited and prizes will be given. Families of those who take part will be included in celebration and brunch will be served.

Between March 10th and March 15h, each winner will be given the specifics of the closing ceremony and the Curiosity Challenge celebration. The program guidelines and other related information are available at :http:// cambridgesciencefestival.org.

21. Who can take part in the Curiosity Challenge?

A. School students. B. Cambridge locals.

C. CSF winners.D. MIT artists.

22. When will the prize-giving ceremony be held?

A. On February 8th. B. On March 10th.

C. On March 15th D. On April 21st.

23. What type of writing is this text?

A .An exhibition guide.B. An art show review.

C. An announcement. D. An official report.

B

Passenger pigeons (旅鸽)once flew over much of the United States in unbelievable numbers.

Written accounts from the 18th and 19th centuries described flocks (群)so large that they the sky for

hours.

It was calculated that when it populationzxxk reached its highest point ,they were more than 3billlion

passenger pigeons—a number equal to 24 to 40 percent of the total bird population in the United States,

making it perhaps the most abundant bird in the world. Even as late as 1870 when their numbers had already become smaller, a flock believed to be 1 mile wide and 320 miles (about 515 kilometers) long was seen near Cincinnati.

most abundant, people believed there was an ever-lasting supply and killed them by the thousands,

Commercial hunters attracted them to small clearings with grain, waited until pigeons had settled to feed, then threw large nets over them, taking hundreds at a time. The birds were shipped to large cities and sold in restaurants.

By the closing decades of the 19th century ,the hardwood forests where passenger pigeons nested had

been damaged by American’s need for wood, which scattered (驱散) the flocks and forced the birds to

go farther north, where cold temperatures and storms contributed to their decline. Soon the great flocks

were gone, never to be seen again.

In 1897, the state of Michigan passed a law prohibiting the killing of passenger pigeons but by then,

no sizable flocks had been seen in the state for 10 years. The last confirmed wi pigeon in the United

States was shot by a boy in Pike County, Ohio, in 1900. For a time , a few birds survived under human

care. The last of them, known affectionately as Martha, died at the Cincinnati Zoological Garden on

September 1, 1914.

24. In the 18th and early 19teh centuries, passenger pigeons____.

A. were the biggest bird in the world

B. lived mainly in the south of America

C. did great harm to the natural environment

D. were the largest bird population in the Us

25. The underlined word ― undoing‖ probably refers to the pigeons’ ____.

A. escapeB. ruin C. liberation D. evolution

26. What was the main reason for people to kill passenger pigeons?

A. To seek pleasure. B. To save other birds.

C. To make money. D. To protect crops.

27. What can we infer about the law passed in Michigan?

A. It was ignored by the public. B. It was declared too late.

C. It was unfair. D. It was strict.

C

A typical lion tamer(驯兽师)in people’s mind is an entertainer holding a whip( 鞭) at a chair. The whip gets all of the attention, but it’s mostly for show. In reality, it’ the chair that does the important work. When a lion tamer holds a chair n front of the lion’s face, the lion tries to focus on all four legs of the chair at the same time. With its focus divided, the lion becomes confused and is unsure about what to do next. When faced with so many options, the lion chooses to freeze and wait instead of attacking the man holding the chair.

How often do you find yourself in the same position as the lion? How often do you have something you want to achieve (e.g. lose weight., start a business, travel more)—only to end up confused by all of the options in front of you and never make progress?

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