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摘要: 以下托福写作经典200句背诵完会使你的写作水平突飞猛进,记住一定要烂熟于心,可以使用超循环背诵大表进行背诵,使背诵变得轻松有计划,更重要的是减少遗忘。

Arts & Amusements 人文、艺术和娱乐

1. Choose one of the following work of art and explain why you like it most: song, poem, and painting. Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer. ★ [2006.10.28]

I like musical best. First of all, I love music very much, and musical is a distinctive and amazing way to express music. Secondly, they use songs, dances, fabulous sets and costumes to make the words to life. What’s more, they are not only singing but also telling a touching story. All of these factors make me love it so much. When I watching a musical, I feel myself is in the story and is singing with them. In addition, the origins of the musicals are attracting me a lot too. I dream to pay visits to the Broadway in the US or the West End in London. And I want to find how the musical evolved from there. All in all, musical is really fascinating.

杀托之路血雨腥风没有一群逗比的小伙伴如何畅游江湖, 小马 托福 备考群,就是这么适合你。

2. Choose one of the following work of art and explain why you like it most: comedy, stage play, and musical play. Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer. ★ [2006.11.3]

I like watching cosmic dramas.



保持健康 get up feeling full of energy and confident to manage the work of the rest day. Give us a break from the tedious and hard work, the strict and shouting boss, and peer pressure from our


coworker. For example, While

watching comedies, you don’t have agonize yourself to guess the deep meaning of the movie or point out the trick from the complicated plot. All you have to do is to lean back and enjoy the shows, you may get nothing but joy after the movie.

3. Describe your favorite song/music. Explain why you like it. Include reasons and examples to support your response

My favorite music is pop music /I am more interested in pop music than classical music.On the one hand, it is easy to understand and close to our lives. That’s why so many people love it. Meanwhile, by listening to pop music, I can keep up with the time. On the other hand, although classical music has so much more depth and meaning, I haven’t got the appetite to enjoy yet. Theoretically speaking, pop music is roughly divided into two types: music which stimulates

people and music which calms us. It seems that music which stimulates us gives rise to actual changes in our bodies. So if I am tired or drowsy during my work hour I will choose the stimulating music, because if we listen to it, our hearts beat faster , our blood pressure rises, and our blood flows more quickly. On the other hand, I’ll listen to calming music. In this way, my heart beats more gently, my pressure drops, and I feel calm. The sooth flowing melodies help me relax.

I really enjoy listening to music and pop music or pop song is my favorite. One reason is that most lyrics of the pop music are about every-day life, so they are quite comfortable, relaxing and easy to remember. Another reason is that being quite a good singer myself, I really love to sing pop songs, and my favorite singers and bands include Backstreet boys, Westlife, M2M and Ace of Base. Finally, to me, pop music is far more than the music itself. It gave me a lot of inspirations and ideas which helped me to do a better job in many other things. For examples, I once cited a few lines from “the day you went away” by M2M in one of my essays, and my teacher said it was very touching.

4. 35 Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Attending a live performance (for example, a play, concert, or sporting event) is more enjoyable than watching the same event on television. Use specific reasons and examples to support your opinion.


同意或者不同意都是片面的。讨论现场的好处(比如气氛好air of excitement;投入感强 getting involved)和电视转播(television live show)的好处(比如,有解说commentary/commentator;多镜头various angle of view; 镜头组接 montage),至于选择,要视情况而定。

· 如果是中国甲A足球赛,才不去现场呢!生气。可是如果是有机会去看欧洲杯的话,不知道要比看电视过瘾(to one's heart's content)多少倍!

· 如果是F4的演唱会,是绝对不能去的,电视也不看!可是如果是rolling rock的演唱会,就一定要去了——可惜,因为SARS取消了。





200句并不多,永远是熟能生巧,你一辈子用的句子无非就是几十句,这200句是我们写作教学组6年时间提举出来的国外经典文章中的句子,是精华中的精华,不仅运用于 托福写作 ,这些精彩的句式可以运用于口语中,使你的表达非凡,托福写作想要提分的童鞋,速度来下载啊。




摘要: 托福考试想要取得100分以上的高分,每一科都要保证在25分以上才可以,这是所有考生的梦想,想要取得高分除了备考外了解高分考生的特点也是可取的,那么托福口语26分以上考生有什么特点呢?

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1、段子的难度要适中!比如,你不要拿 GRE阅读 来练发音朗读。要想清楚,你要做的朗读段子练发音,而不是练阅读理解。






以上就是本次为大家带来的 托福 口语26分以上考生有什么特点的方式全部内容,在备考 托福口语 的过程中,同学们可能会遇到各种各样的问题,如果你不知道怎样解决,那么可以登陆小马资料频道免费获取相关问题的解决建议。





相关字搜索: 托福口语26分


Energy and the Industrial Revolution For years historians have sought to identify crucial elements in the eighteenth-century rise in industry, technology, and economic power Known as the Industrial Revolution, and many give prominence to the problem of energy. Until the eighteenth century, people relied on energy derived from plants as well as animal and human muscle to provide power Increased efficiency in the use of water and wind helped with such tasks as pumping, milling, or sailing. However, by the eighteenth century, Great Britain in particular was experiencing an energy shortage. Wood, the primary source of heat for homes and industries and also used in the iron industry as processed charcoal, was diminishing in supply. Great Britain had large amounts of coal; however, there were not yet efficient means by which to produce mechanical energy or to power machinery. This was to occur with progress in the development of the steam engine.

In the late 1700s James Watt designed an efficient and commercially viable steam engine that was soon applied to a variety of industrial uses as it became cheaper to use. The engine helped solve the problem of draining coal mines of groundwater and increased the production of coal needed to power steam engines elsewhere. A rotary engine attached to the steam engine enabled shafts to be turned and machines to be driven, resulting in mills

using steam power to spin and weave cotton. Since the steam engine was fired by coal, the large mills did not need to be located by rivers, as had mills that used water- driven machines. The shift to increased mechanization in cotton production is apparent in the import of raw cotton and the sale of cotton goods. Between 1760 and 1850, the amount of raw cotton imported increased 230 times. Production of British cotton goods increased sixtyfold, and cotton cloth became Great Britain’s most important product, accounting for one-half of all exports. The success of the steam engine resulted in increased demands for coal, and the consequent increase in coal production was made possible as the steam-powered pumps drained water from the ever-deeper coal seams found below the water table.

The availability of steam power and the demands for new machines facilitated the transformation of the iron industry. Charcoal, made from wood and thus in limited supply, was replaced with coal-derived coke (substance left after coal is heated) as steam-driven bellows came into use for producing of raw iron. Impurities were burnt away with the use of coke, producing a high-quality refined iron. Reduced cost was also instrumental in developing steam-powered rolling mills capable of producing finished iron of various shapes and sizes. The resulting boom in the iron industry expanded the annual iron output by more than 170 times between 1740 and 1840, and by the 1850s Great Britain was producing more tons of iron than the rest of the world combined. The developments in the iron industry were in part a response to the demand for more machines and the ever-widening use of higher-quality iron in other industries.

Steam power and iron combined to revolutionize transport, which in turn had further implications. Improvements in road construction and sailing had occurred, but shipping heavy freight over land remained expensive, even with the use of rivers and canals wherever possible. Parallel rails had long been used in mining operations to move bigger loads, but horses were still the primary source of power. ■However, the arrival of the steam engine initiated a complete transformation in rail transportation, entrenching and expanding the Industrial Revolution. ■As transportation improved, distant and larger markets within the nation could be reached, thereby encouraging the development of larger factories to keep pace with increasing sales. ■Greater productivity and rising demands provided entrepreneurs with profits that could be reinvested to take advantage of new technologies to further expand capacity, or to seek alternative investment opportunities. ■Also, the availability of jobs in railway construction attracted many rural laborers accustomed to seasonal and temporary employment. When the work was completed, many moved to other construction jobs or to factory work in cities and towns, where they became part of an expanding working class.

Q1: Why does the author provide the information that “Great Britain had large amounts of coal”?

A. To reject the claim that Britain was facing an energy shortage in the eighteenth century

B. To explain why coal rather than other energy resources became the primary source of heat for homes and industries in eighteenth-century Britain

C. To indicate that Britain’s energy shortage was not the result of a lack of fuel

Q2: What was “the problem of energy" that had to be solved to make the Industrial Revolution of the eighteenth century possible?

A. Water and wind could not be used efficiently.

B. There was no efficient way to power machinery.

C. Steam engines required large amounts of coal, which was in short supply.

D. Neither humans nor animals were strong enough to provide the power required for industrial application.

Q3: Which of the following is NOT mentioned in paragraph 2 as a development in cotton mills brought about by Watt’s steam engine?

A. The importing of huge quantities of raw cotton by Britain

B. Increased mechanization

C. More possibilities for mill location

D. Smaller mills

Q4: The phrase “apparent in” in the passage is closest in meaning to

A. clearly seen in

B. aided by

C. associated with

D. followed by

Q5: According to paragraph 2, what was Britain’s most important export by 1850?

A. Raw cotton

B. Cotton cloth

C. Steam-powered pumps

D. Coal

Q6: The word “consequent” in the passage is closest in meaning to

A. resulting

B. encouraging

C. well documented

D. immediate

Q7: What is the role of paragraph 2 in the passage as a whole?

A. It explains how by increasing the supply of raw materials from other countries, British industries were able to reduce costs and increase production.

B. It explains how the productionof mechanical energy and its benefits spread quickly across countries that were linked commercially with Great Britain.

C. It demonstrates why developments in a single industry could not have caused the Industrial Revolution.

D. It illustrates why historians have assigned great importance to the issue of energy in the rise of the Industrial Revolution.

Q8: According to paragraph 3, why was the use of coke important for the iron industry?

A. It helped make wood into charcoal.

B. It reduced the dependency on steam-powered machines used for the production of iron.

C. It replaced charcoal in the production of raw and refined iron.

D. It powered the machines used to extract coal in

coal mines.

Q9: According to paragraph 3, all of the following were true of the iron industry inGreat Britain during the 1800s EXCEPT:

A. Steam-driven bellows were used to produce raw iron.

B. By the 1850s Britain was the world’s largest producer of iron.

C. Steam-powered mills made it possible to produce iron of different shapes and sizes.

D. Greater demand for higher-quality iron increased its price.

Q10: The word “initiated” in the passage is closest in meaning to

A. anticipated

B. accelerated

C. spread

D. started

Q11: Paragraph 4 implies which of the following about the transformation in rail transportation?

A. Because railway construction employed mostly rural laborers, unemployment increased among urban workers.

B. It resulted in more trade within the country, but less trade with markets that could be reached only by ocean shipping.

C. It made shipping freight overland to distant markets less expensive.

D. It resulted in higher wages for factory workers.

Q12: The phrase “accustomed to" in the passage is closest in meaning to

A. in need of

B. used to

C. tired of

D. encouraged by

Q13: Look at the four squares [■] that indicate where the following sentence could be added to the passage.

The first steam-powered locomotives were slow but they rapidly improved in speed and carrying capacity.

Where would the sentence best fit? Click on a square to add the sentence to the passage.


Directions:An introductory sentence for a brief summary of the passage is provided below. Complete the summary by selecting the THREE answer choices that express the most important ideas in the passage. Some sentences do not belong in the summary because they express ideas that are not presented in the passage or are minor ideas in the passage. This question is worth 2 points.

The coming of the Industrial Revolution in eighteenth-century Britain depended on the development of the steam engine to power machinery.

A. For years, historians disregarded the issue of energy as a major element in the rise of the Industrial Revolution and focused instead on technological developments and increased production.

B. The introduction and growth of steam-powered rail transport was a major factor in Britain's economic expansion during the Industrial Revolution.

C. An expansion of the Industrial Revolution outside Great Britain occurred when British industries began to import raw cotton and high-quality iron.

D. By 1850, the use of steam power in Britain's mills, mines, and iron industry made Britain a world leader in the production of cotton cloth and iron.

E. Since the basic infrastructure was in place, the Industrial Revolution fueled itself with enlarging

markets requiring ever more expansion of factories and workforce.

F. By the end of the 1800s, railway construction attracted so many laborers that factories could not find enough workers to keep up with increasing sales.

Survival of Plants and Animals in Desert Conditions

The harsh conditions in deserts are intolerable for most plants and animals. Despite these conditions, however, many varieties of plants and animals have adapted to deserts in a number of ways. Most plant tissues die if their water content falls too low: the nutrients that feed plants are transmitted by water; water is a raw material in the vital process of photosynthesis; and water regulates the temperature of a plant by its ability to absorb heat and because water vapor lost to the atmosphere through the leaves helps to lower plant temperatures. ■Water controls the volume of plant matter produced. ■The distribution of plants within different areas of desert is also controlled by water. ■Some areas, because of their soil texture, topographical position, or distance from rivers or groundwater, have virtually no water available to plants, whereas others do.■

The nature of plant life in deserts is also highly dependent on the fact that they have to adapt to the prevailing aridity. There are two general classes of vegetation: long-lived perennials, which may be succulent (water-storing) and are often dwarfed and woody, and annuals or ephemerals, which have a short life cycle and may form a fairly dense stand immediately after rain.

The ephemeral plants evade drought. Given a year of favorable precipitation, such plants will develop vigorously and produce large numbers of flowers and fruit. This replenishes the seed content of the desert soil. The seeds then lie dormant until the next wet year, when the desert blooms again.

The perennial vegetation adjusts to the aridity by means of various avoidance mechanisms. Most desert plants are probably best classified as xerophytes. They possess drought-resisting adaptations: loss of water through the leaves is reduced by means of dense hairs covering waxy leaf surfaces, by the closure of pores during the hottest times to reduce water loss, and by the rolling up or shedding of leaves at the beginning of the dry season. Some xerophytes, the succulents (including cacti), store water in their structures. Another way of countering drought is to have a limited amount of mass above ground and to have extensive root networks below ground. It is not unusual for the roots of some desert perennials to extend downward more than ten meters. Some plants are woody in type —an adaptation designed to prevent collapse of the plant tissue when water stress produces wilting. Another class of desert plant is the phreatophyte. These have adapted to the environment by the development of long taproots that penetrate downward until they approach the assured water supply provided by groundwater. Among these plants are the date palm, tamarisk, and mesquite. They commonly grow near stream channels, springs, or on the margins of lakes.

Animals also have to adapt to desert conditions, and they may do it through two forms of behavioral adaptation: they either escape or retreat. Escape involves such actions as aestivation, a condition of prolonged dormancy, or torpor, during which animals reduce their metabolic rate and body temperature during the hot season or during very dry spells.

Seasonal migration is another form of escape, especially for large mammals or birds. The term retreat is applied to the short-term escape behavior of desert animals, and it usually assumes the pattern of a daily rhythm. Birds shelter in nests, rock overhangs, trees, and dense shrubs to avoid the hottest hours of the day, while mammals like the kangaroo rat burrow underground.

Some animals have behavioral, physiological, and morphological (structural) adaptations that enable them to withstand extreme conditions. For example, the ostrich has plumage that is so constructed that the feathers are long but not too dense. When conditions are hot, the ostrich erects them on its back, thus increasing the thickness of the barrier between solar radiation and the skin. The sparse distribution of the feathers, however, also allows considerable lateral air movement over the skin surface, thereby permitting further heat loss by convection. Furthermore, the birds orient themselves carefully with regard to the Sun and gently flap their wings to increase convection cooling.

The harsh conditions in deserts are intolerable for most plants and animals. Despite these conditions, however, many varieties of plants and animals have adapted to deserts in a number of ways. Most plant tissues die if their water content falls too low: the nutrients that feed plants are transmitted by water; water is a raw material in the vital process of photosynthesis; and water regulates the temperature of a plant by its ability to absorb heat and because water vapor lost to the atmosphere through the leaves helps to lower plant temperatures. ■Water controls the volume of plant matter produced. ■The distribution of plants within different areas of desert is also controlled by water. ■Some areas, because

plants, whereas others do.■

Q1: According to paragraph 1, water provides all of the following essential functions for plants EXCEPT

A. improving plants’ ability to absorb sunlight

B. preventing plants from becoming overheated

C. transporting nutrients

D. serving as a raw material for photosynthesis

Q2: Paragraph 3 suggests that during a dry year ephemerals

A. produce even more seeds than in a wet year

B. do not sprout from their seeds

C. bloom much later than in a wet year

D. are more plentiful than perennials

Q3: Howis paragraph 2 related to paragraph 3?

A. Paragraph 2 provides a general description of desert plants, and paragraph 3 provides a scientific explanation for these observations.

B. Paragraph 2 divides desert plants into two categories, and paragraph 3 provides further information about one of these categories.

C. Paragraph 2 proposes one way of dividing desert plants into categories, and paragraph 3 explains one problem with this method of classification.

D. Paragraph 2 discusses two categories of desert plants, and paragraph 3 introduces a third category of plants.

Q4: In saying that ephemerals will develop “vigorously" when there is favorable precipitation, the author means that their development will be

A. sudden

B. early

C. gradual

D. strong and healthy

Q5: The word “countering” in the passage is closest in meaning to

A. eliminating

B. making use of

C. acting against

D. experiencing

Q6: According to paragraph 4, some desert plants with root systems that are extraordinarily well developed have

A. relatively little growth aboveground

B. very leafy aboveground structures

C. non woody plant tissue resistant to wilting

D. water stored within their roots

Q7: The word “assured” in the passage is closest in meaning to

A. pure

B. diminished

C. guaranteed

D. deep

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